These county courts were presided over by the bishop of the diocese and the ealdorman or sheriff, sitting en banc and exercising both ecclesiastical and civil jurisdiction. Prior to the invasion led by William the Norman, the common law of England provided for the descent of lands to all the males without any right of primogeniture. Military service was required in proportion to the world of each free man’s land, a system resembling the feudal system however not accompanied by all its hardships. Penalties for crime had been average; few capital punishments being inflicted and individuals convicted of their first offence being allowed to commute it for a nice or weregild; or in default of cost, by surrendering themselves to life-long bondage. The legal system which thus acquired form under the course of the last Saxon King of England, was common to all the realm and was designated as “Jus commune” or Folk-proper.In contradistinction to English jurisprudence the Civil Law of Rome prevailed throughout the Continent.
Common Law Vs. Civil Law
In means of time, the customary laws have been modified or replaced by enactments of the Imperial and Federal parliament and by those of the provincial parliament; they have been lastly codified in the yr 1866 upon the mannequin of the Code NapolÃ©on. However, the criminal regulation of the Province of Quebec is based upon that of England and was to a great extent codified by the federal statute of 1892. Practice and procedure in civil causes … Read More