The Three Definitions Of Government
However, Treasury delayed disbursements to tribal governments from the Tribal Set-Aside, and SBA initially limited some tribal businesses’ eligibility for the Paycheck Protection Program. The COVID-19 pandemic is having a disproportionate financial effect on tribal communities.
Tribal governments have most of the similar responsibilities as state and local governments, however they typically can not levy property taxes to the identical extent as state and local governments and face challenges accessing capital markets. Further, many tribal governments rely closely on funding from enterprises in sectors which have been adversely affected by COVID-19, corresponding to gaming, leisure and hospitality, and power. Closures of tribal casinos and hotels to forestall the unfold of coronavirus, and a concurrent decline in oil costs, have reduced crucial sources of income that tribal governments use to assist health care, public security, and different essential providers.
The figure below offers data on appropriations to the Disaster Relief Fund over the last 5 fiscal years, together with the CARES Act appropriation. Although complete data usually are not out there on disbursements of funds to tribal governments and tribal-serving organizations to address COVID-19, as of mid-June 2020, tribal governments and companies had received billions in federal assistance by way of the CRF Tribal Set-Aside and different sources.
In its feedback, reproduced in appendix XII, DHS outlined the significant challenges going through the nation in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and FEMA’s lead function in addressing them. DHS additionally offered technical feedback on this enclosure, which we included as acceptable.
Longer-term impacts might reverse useful economic and growth positive aspects revamped many years. To conduct this work, we reviewed FEMA documentation on its catastrophe help programs and relevant federal law, together with the March 2020 CARES Act and the Stafford Act. We additionally analyzed the latest data on congressional appropriations and FEMA obligations for federal actions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We interviewed FEMA officers concerning federal catastrophe assistance efforts and challenges the agency faced in effectively helping affected state and native governments to reply and recuperate from disasters.