government

Pre-colonial Political Administration In Yoruba Land

GAO’s commitment to good authorities is mirrored in its core values of accountability, integrity, and reliability. On April 10, 2020, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) issued a short lived rule proscribing the U.S. export of sure medical gear by way of August 10, 2020, without the agency’s specific approval. The restrictions apply to scarce or threatened medical provides crucial to COVID-19 response efforts such as sure facepiece respirators, surgical masks, and gloves. Customs and Border Protection will quickly detain shipments of these items whereas FEMA determines whether to permit the shipment, return the gadgets for home use, or buy the objects for the U.S. authorities. According to the rule, FEMA will consider various elements in its choice-making, together with the need to guarantee the suitable allocation of scarce or threatened items for home use, decrease supply chain disruptions, and consider humanitarian and diplomatic concerns.

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In addition, FEMA’s Individual Assistance program also can reinforce state and local providers provided to assist people address the pandemic, similar to for crisis counseling. Further, FEMA can even problem mission assignments directing another federal agency to utilize its authorities and the resources granted to it beneath federal law to supply direct assistance to state, native, tribal, and territorial governments.

On April 21, 2020, FEMA introduced numerous exemptions to the export restrictions, together with shipments to sure locations, intracompany transfers, and merchandise transiting the United States. Through the Disaster Relief Fund, FEMA funds, directs, coordinates, and manages preparedness, response, and recovery efforts related to home major disasters and emergencies declared under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act). For example, for the COVID-related declarations, states can use FEMA’s Public Assistance program grant funding for actions that reduce the instant risk to public health and safety, like standing up emergency medical services.

This “government-to-government” precept, which is grounded in the United States Constitution, has helped to shape the lengthy history of relations between the federal government and these tribal nations. At current, there are 573 federally acknowledged American Indian and Alaska Native tribes and villages.

Because the Constitution vested the Legislative Branch with plenary energy over Indian Affairs, states have no authority over tribal governments except expressly licensed by Congress. While federally acknowledged tribes generally are not subordinate to states, they will have a authorities-to-government relationship with these other sovereigns, as nicely.

The Government Accountability Office, the audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of Congress, exists to support Congress in meeting its constitutional responsibilities and to help enhance the efficiency and accountability of the federal government for the American individuals. GAO examines the usage of public funds; evaluates federal programs and insurance policies; and provides analyses, suggestions, and different assistance to assist Congress make informed oversight, policy, and funding choices.